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Remembrance Day for the Civil Participants in the Warsaw Uprising

published: 2019-10-10 14:38, mlan
Remembrance Day for the Civil Participants in the Warsaw Uprising fot. Remembrance Day for the Civil Participants in the Warsaw Uprising

On 2 October 1944, the Warsaw Uprising fighting ceased. The commanders of the Uprising and the Germans signed an agreement in Ożarów under which the insurgents were recognised as prisoners of war according to the Geneva Convention, and no collective liability was to be applied to civilians.

On that date, there were numerous ceremonies held in the capital to honour the fallen residents of the city. In the morning, the representatives of the Warsaw authorities laid wreaths at the monument on Leszno Street commemorating 50 thousand residents of the Wola District murdered by the Germans during the Warsaw Uprising, at the monument dedicated to the Warsaw Residents in the Warsaw Rising Museum, and at plot C of the Powązki Cemetery where the soldiers and civilians who were killed during the Uprising are buried.

Wreaths were laid at the “Fallen – Undefeated” Monument at Powązki Cemetery, and first year students of the Zośka Battalion General Secondary School No. 86 were sworn in there.
“2 October is the Remembrance Day for the Civil Participants in the Warsaw Uprising. Today we honour the memory of those who did not participate in the fighting but provided help to the insurgents, gave them food, took care of the wounded, suffered with them and consoled them even though they were defenceless themselves” said Renata Kaznowska, Deputy Mayor of Warsaw, during the ceremony.

“The Warsaw Uprising was the biggest military effort in German-occupied Europe. On 1 September 1944, approximately 40 thousand insurgents took up arms. Due to the dedication of the Varsovians the Uprising lasted for 63 days. In the course of the Uprising, approximately 18 thousand insurgents and over 180 thousand civilians were killed. Approximately 60 thousand were executed by the Nazis, and several thousand Varsovians died in concentration camps and forced labour camps following the Uprising. Following the surrender of the insurgent forces, over half a million Varsovians were cast out of the city. Warsaw was to be razed to the ground. More than 72% of the left-bank Warsaw was destroyed”.

“To honour the memory of the participants in the Warsaw Uprising, institutions, schools and streets take the names of the heroes of Uprising. The Zośka Battalion General Secondary School No. 86, whose students honour the memory of the fallen insurgents at the “Fallen – Undefeated” Monument each year, is a good example of that trend” said Renata Kaznowska.