Miasto Stoleczne Warszawa

Dziesiątki miejsc na poranne spacery

1944

published: 7 jul 2010 - 13:36, Grzegorz Wolff

The Warsaw Uprising broke out and lasted 63 days.


One year after the Ghetto Uprising, on 1 August 1944, another uprising broke out in Warsaw. Its goal was to take over the power from the Germans before the Red Army entered the city. Against a heavily armed 16,000 strong German army and another 30,000 German troops in the immediate vicinity of the city, Warsaw could muster some 50,000 soldiers of whom only 5,000 were armed. Despite huge enemy advantage, the uprising lasted 63 days. Doomed from the start, these were the most tragic days in Warsaw’s 700-year history. They were days of enormous faith, remarkable courage and inconceivable sacrifice of the Home Army soldiers and the civilian population.

The surrender by the Polish forces was signed on 2 October 1944. Then the Germans ordered the inhabitants to leave Warsaw and in retaliation for the Polish people’s heroism commenced methodical destruction of the city. More than 16,000 Polish soldiers and around 180,000 civilians lost their lives in Warsaw. By the end of World War II only one out of ten houses, monuments and churches had survived in the city; not even one bridge over the Vistula River was left standing, and there was no electricity or water.

Russians entered Warsaw on 17 January 1945. The new pro-Soviet Polish authorities followed behind them into the deserted and devastated city. It was the beginning of nearly half-century of Soviet domination.

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