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The old-times Warsaw under Krasińskich Square

published: 2018-04-26 12:53, mlan
The old-times Warsaw under Krasińskich Square. fot. The old-times Warsaw under Krasińskich Square.

Centuries-old artefacts were discovered by road workers during the repair of Krasińskich Square. The discovered items are being studied by archaeologists.

A seemingly ordinary repair of Miodowa Street and Krasińskich Square has turned out to be a rich source of historic discoveries. The ground beneath the street and the square, which have been redeveloped a number of times throughout the years, unveiled some real treasures.
The road works made it possible for us to get to know part of the history of our city,” said Renata Kaznowska, Deputy Mayor of Warsaw. “Today it is hard to imagine this place without the tenement houses or the palace.”

A wooden bench and fragments of earthenware
The most important part of the discovery is a wooden basement, which, according to the archaeologists, previously formed part of the building, judging from the remnants of wooden poles found in the direct vicinity of the basement. It contained a wooden bench, fragments of clay vessels, bones of animals and various metal objects. Based on these artefacts, the researchers tentatively dated the basement to the 17th century, although it may be slightly older. “This is a truly unique discovery,” said Michał Krasucki, the Capital City Monument Conservator. “There are few so well preserved objects from this period of Warsaw’s history.”

The basement was covered up, and the area above it was levelled out. Such was the state of affairs found by the constructors of the Krasiński Palace in the late 17th century. In the basement there are also remains of a well which was probably covered up in the late 19th century during the construction of Lindley’s water supply and sewerage system, and replaced with another well made of brick, placed a few meters away, connected to the new water supply system. Further architectural traces discovered on Krasińskich Square were found near Długa Street. These are fragments of brick annexes built together with the palace in the late 17th century.

A mysterious canal and a pre-war track line
Miodowa Street is where three interesting structures were discovered. One of them is a brick canal with a barrel vault and a wooden floor leading from the eastern wing of the former Collegium Nobilium towards Długa Street. The archaeologists tentatively dated the canal to the first half of the 19th century. The second structure is the track line of a pre-war electric tram launched on Miodowa Street in 1908. The third is the structure consisting of poles with a height of around a metre, transverse beams and horizontally arranged planks resting on them. The researchers’ tentative assessment is that it could be the paving of Miodowa Street. However, this has not been confirmed, and the period in which the structure was built remains unknown.